13 of the Most Creative Mug Designs – Gift Ideas for Tea and Coffee Lovers

Earl Grey tea is a black tea with a distinctive taste and aroma that I find very appealing. The flavor comes from oil of bergamot, which is extracted from the peel of bergamot oranges, or bergamots. These sour citrus fruits are grown in several countries, but are most abundant in the region of Calabria in southern Italy. Oil of bergamot is used to flavor desserts, confectionery and liqueurs as well as beverages. It also supplies a pleasant scent to perfumes and lotions and is used in aromatherapy.
The small quantities of bergamot oil used in drinks and foods are safe – and delicious – but the oil may not be safe when applied to the skin because it makes skin photosensitive. This means that ultraviolet radiation in sunlight is more likely to damage skin cells. Some people have developed rashes, blisters and increased pigmentation after exposure to concentrated bergamot oil and ultraviolet light, and the oil may increase the risk of skin cancer. One chemical in bergamot oil that induces photosensitivity is bergapten, but other chemicals may be involved as well.
The word “bergamot” is also used to refer to herbs in the mint family. They are very different plants from the bergamot orange, but their leaves do have a flavor that is reminiscent of oil of bergamot.Earl Grey tea is named after Earl Charles Grey, who was prime minister of Britain from 1830 to 1834. There are several stories that attempt to explain how the Earl was connected to the tea. One of the most fanciful is that the Earl played a role in saving a Chinese mandarin’s son from drowning, and the grateful father created the tea as a present for the Earl. Another story says that Earl Grey’s family asked a Chinese mandarin to create a tea that would neutralize the lime present in the water around their home. However, it’s most likely that applying the prime minister’s name to the tea was simply a way to honor him.
Lady Grey tea is named after Mary Elizabeth Grey, the wife of Charles Grey. This tea contains oil of bergamot, lemon peel and orange peel, as well as cornflower or lavender, which are both blue in color. The flowers are sometimes omitted from the tea. There are other non-traditional varieties of Earl Grey tea available in stores today. Sometimes oil of bergamot is added to green tea instead of black tea, and jasmine may be added as a flavor.The bergamot orange plant grows as a small to medium sized tree and produces its fruit in winter. The leaves are oval with pointed tips. The aromatic fruits are the size of edible oranges and have the yellow color of a lemon when they’re ripe. They also have a pale yellow flesh. Most are slightly pear-shaped due to a small “neck”.
The plant is thought to have developed as a hybrid between a sour orange and another citrus fruit, probably a lemon or a lime. The first description of bergamots comes from the early eighteenth century. There are two versions of the bergamot’s scientific name. Some researchers like to use the name Citrus bergamia, while others call the plant Citrus aurantium (the same scientific name as bitter orange) and put the plant in the subspecies bergamia. Bergamot oranges are used to produce oil of bergamot and a marmalade, but they’re not eaten as fruit or used to make fruit juice – they’re far too sour and bitter.
Calabria is the most popular area for bergamot oil production, since the bergamot trees there consistently produce fruits containing a high-quality oil. Calabria is the region that forms the “toe” of Italy. Bergamot trees grow mainly near the coastline. Catanzaro is the capital city of the region.Oil of bergamot adds a delicious flavor to foods and drinks and lovely scents to perfumes and cosmetics. However, it should probably be avoided in products designed to be left on areas of the skin that will be exposed to light because of its potential to cause skin damage. Bergamot oil has been used in sunscreens and tanning lotions in the past, which is definitely not a good idea now that we know more about the oil!
There have been claims that oil of bergamot has many health benefits, including helping to treat psoriasis and vitiligo, treating fungal disease on the skin, killing insect pests such as lice, killing bacteria, controlling anxiety and relieving depression when used in aromatherapy, aiding digestion and relieving fever and pain. There isn’t much – or sometimes any – scientifically acceptable evidence to support most of these claims. The oil does seem to be helpful for certain skin diseases, but even if it does cure a skin problem there’s always the danger that it will create a more serious problem than it solves.
Bergamot oil is made up of a complex mixture of chemicals. In addition to bergapten it contains a substance called bergamottin. This chemical is also found in grapefruit juice and is the reason why the juice has to be avoided by people taking certain medications. Bergamottin inhibits an enzyme that breaks down the medications in the body. This can cause a medicine to stay in the body for longer than normal and perhaps reach a dangerous level if more doses are taken.
Bergamot oil also contains chemicals which may help to lower the blood cholesterol level, but lots more research needs to be done to see if this effect is real.
Perhaps in the future we will discover some wonderful – and safe – medical uses for oil of bergamot. Until then, we can at least enjoy its lovely taste and aroma.Skin astringents have often been classed as the strongest form of toner for the skin, usually the face.
They are designed to remove the last traces of skin cleanser, to tone and to tighten the pores while removing excess sebum for oily or combination skin types.
This quick homemade astringent is far less abrasive than many commercial brands. Let’s look at the three ingredients used:When on medication, it is best to seek advice from your doctor as to whether or not it is okay for you to take grapefruit as the *naringin can prevent the liver from breaking down aspirin, calcium channel blockers, cholesterol lowering drugs and other forms of medications.Much more than a breakfast fruit, grapefruit makes a natural astringent for oily or combination skin.
A citric acid rich in vitamin c it has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antiseptic properties.
Top worldwide producers of grapefruit are United States, China and South Africa and there are three possible colors; red, pink or white with varying degrees of sweetness (red is generally the sweetest).
Invigorating and tightening, fresh grapefruit has a mild exfoliating action on the skin, helping to remove dead skin cells while toning the skin.
Grapefruit has been shown to interact with numerous drugs so caution is always needed with grapefruit flesh or juice when on medication.Steeped in Chinese history, green tea has been used in China for over 4,000 years for its therapeutic, medicinal and health benefits.
China is by far the largest exporter with their many varieties of green tea and account for two thirds of the market.
This is a real find for using on the skin for a bright, clear complexion and ideally suited to oilier or acne prone skins. Such is the popularity of this tea; it may be easily combined in an array of products made at home such as face exfoliatiors, facial peels, facial steams, cooling sprays and face masks.
The tea has been shown to help reduce the damage caused by UV rays to the skin by neutralizing the free radicals responsible.
Irritated skin or inflamed skin can be greatly reduced by using green tea on the skin so for conditions such as psoriasis, acne and rosacea, this is one powerful remedy.
The antioxidants present in green tea have an anti-ageing effect and improve fine lines and wrinkles. The more antioxidant rich ingredients we use the better our health and our appearance.Often used alone as a skin astringent, this recipe shows how to incorporate it successfully into a homemade toner.
Witch hazel extract is distilled from the bark and twigs of the American witch hazel tree (Hamamelis virginiana ) and usually contains alcohol, often ethyl alcohol (14%).
The Native Americans were credited for first turning to this plant for medicinal purposes and found it beneficial in treating inflammation, swelling and tumors.
Today it is widely used throughout the world and an ingredients used by many commercial brands of cosmetics including aftershaves. A very useful product in the home it is commonly used to help acne, eczema, to cool down skin, insect bites and dry up excessive sebum.2 green tea bags steeped in a cup of boiling water
Juice of 1/2 grapefruit (pink or red)
1/4 cup witch hazel
Recycled jar with lid
Spoon or spatula
Method:
Allow tea bags to cool completely.
When cooled, squeeze the grapefruit juice into the tea and stir.
Add the witch hazel and mix into the astringent.
Pour the astringent into the container and secure with lid.
Store in the refrigerator in- between use.
The astringent will last for up to a week.
To Apply:
AfterThe Guide to Brewing Tea
This is a must-see video for anyone interested in making the most flavoursome tea. For the most accurate tea brewing chart, click here: http://chinalifeweb.c…


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<article><div id=”title”><div class=”title_box”><div class=”"><h1>Beer, History, and Attractions: Why Baden-Baden in Germany is the Place to Live</h1>

The mainstay of my day-to-day diet is low carb food, from which I create lots of low carb recipes. When I first began with low carb dieting, my biggest challenge was giving up bread. It wasn’t hard for me to give up sweets. Anyway, even on low carb diets, you can have sugar-free Jell-o, sugar-free pudding, sugar-free cheesecake, and other low carb desserts. I’m not even having too much difficulty cutting potatoes and rice from my diet, but bread is a different story. I love bread in just about any form – toast, muffins, biscuits, sandwiches, etc. Of course, I just had to find some low carb bread! A diabetic friend of mine had been on the quest for low carb breads before I began my low carb diet. She found some good low carb bread online, and she told me it was the best low carb bread she’d been able to find. I decided against it, however, when I discovered the price. With shipping, the bread was around $10 a loaf! There was no way I was going to pay that much just to have toast and sandwiches. I set out to learn to make my own low carb bread, and I’m sharing that with you here.What’s low carb food? Obviously, low carb food includes items that contain few or no grams of carbohydrates. Eating too many simple carbs is unhealthy because the carbohydrates are easily converted to sugar in the body, elevating your blood glucose level. When that spikes, you might feel good for a little while, but the spike is always followed by a crash, which makes you feel pretty lousy. Proteins and fats don’t elevate your blood sugar, and they help you stay less hungry for longer periods of time. Complex carbs are also healthier than simple carbs because you don’t get the roller-coaster effect from them that you get from simple carbs.
Examples of low carb food are meats, poultry, fish, mayonnaise, mustard, butter, oil, and non-starchy vegetables. Whole grains and other high fiber foods are also lower in carbs due to their grams of fiber. The body can’t digest fiber, so those calories and carbs are passed through the body without calories. Nuts, for example, are high in fiber and can be considered a low carb food.Since most breads are made from wheat flour, it’s sometimes hard to imagine low carb bread. It really does exist, however. Low carb breads aren’t going to be as light and fluffy as white wheat bread, but they’re much healthier, and in some cases, the low carb bread can have a lot more taste than its bland cousin. Low carb bread often has more substance to it, so it’s also more filling.
The main ingredient of my low carb breads is flaxseed meal. Sometimes I also add soy flour, which improves the texture of the low carb flax bread. I also add Splenda, even when I’m making savory bread. Why? I do so because to me, flaxseed meal can have a slightly bitter taste. Using Splenda in the bread recipe helps to neutralize the bitterness.Flaxseed meal is a coarse flour-like ingredient made from ground flax seeds. It’s carbohydrate neutral. In other words, a two tablespoon serving of flaxseed meal contains four grams of carbs, but it also contains four grams of fiber. A single serving also packs 2,600 milligrams of healthy Omega-3 fats. Flaxseed meal contains no cholesterol, no trans fats, no salt, no sugar, and no gluten. You can add it to cold cereals, fruit smoothies, casseroles, yogurt, oatmeal, and pancake batter. Of course, you can also use it for making low carb bread.Flax seed has been touted for the past few years because of its health benefits, but do you really know: What is flax seed? Flax is an ancient plant that was used by humans more than 7,000 years ago. It was probably the first plant that humans learned to domesticate. Its fibers were made into fabric for clothing. Flax fibers are still used to make linen.
Flax seed is also used by mankind. The seeds are encased in the plants’ fruits, and they closely resemble apple seeds. Flaxseed is often used in cattle feed, and the oil is used to produce linseed oil, a common ingredient found in varnishes and paint. According to the Mayo Clinic, humans get more health benefits from ground flaxseed than they do from whole flax seed. I’m sure you’ve heard of flax oil. In fact, you might even take flax oil supplements, as I do. Flax oil is produced by pressing flaxseed. The oil contains Omega-3 and Omega-6 fats, and it’s important to get a good balance of both types of fatty acids. For most of us, the problem is that we don’t get enough Omega-3s, and flax oil can help with that.
Flax oil has been studied extensively. There’s evidence that it can help reduce LDL cholesterol – the bad stuff that can accumulate on arteries. It might also be able to help raise HDL cholesterol – the good kind – and lower blood pressure. There’s evidence that flax oil helps to inhibit inflammation in the body, and some patients state that the oil helps relieve pain from arthritis and gout. Some studies even suggest that flax oil might play a role in protecting humans from certain types of cancer – especially breast cancer.Have you ever eaten beer bread? Beer can be added to many bread recipes, including yeast breads and quick breads. I often use beer in breads, including cornbread. My hushpuppies just wouldn’t be the same without adding some suds. I guess the yeast in the beer is what helps make the fried cornbread so light and fluffy.
Beer bread has a wonderful yeasty flavor. It’s usually moist, too, but if you don’t use some type of leavening in beer bread, the resulting loaf can be heavy and dense. With the beer bread recipe I’m sharing here, I use baking powder and baking soda to take care of the leavening. Beer bread goes great with lots of dishes, but we especially like it with homemade chili.
You can add other flavoring ingredients to your beer bread recipe, including cayenne, dill, chives, garlic, sundried tomatoes, jalapeno peppers, chopped onion, or sweet bell peppers. In this beer bread recipe, I use grated cheese, garlic, onion, and basil to create a savory low carb bread.Use any type of cheese in this recipe for low carb bread. I prefer a mix of cheddar and Colby jack. You can also use any type of beer, but for less grams of total carbs, you might want to use a low carb beer. This cheesy beer bread is great with coffee, and I often have it for breakfast. I also use it for low carb sandwiches, with meat and sliced tomatoes. If you’re going to use the bread for low carb sandwiches, I suggest you make the bread about ½ inch thick and reduce cooking time to 25 minutes.If you’ve never heard of Baden-Baden, then you have missed out on perhaps the quintessential German town! Sure, we’ve all heard of Berlin, Munich, and Hamburg but what about the quaint little towns that offer a unique and original insight into German life? Berlin can be very touristy and absolutely everyone says they have to make it to the Hofbräuhaus (and I would agree). But those can seem a bit unreal and illegitimate at times. Want to see the real Germany? I submit to my audience that Baden-Baden is flawless in its cuisine, attractions, friendliness, and originality! By no means am I an expert, since I’ve only been there once and it was only for one weekend. Nonetheless, that is all the time that is needed to fall in love with this amazing little town. Let me explain…It all began in April 2011 when I made a weekend trip to Baden-Baden, Germany with two friends. We flew from Rome, Italy into Baden-Baden and we immediately noticed a change. After all, we had been living in Rome surrounded by the hustle and bustle, huge crowds, and dirty streets, then we were instantly thrown into a clean, quiet, serene atmosphere. Needless to say, we loved it and vowed to enjoy every minute!The very first thing we did was find our hotel and check in. It was called the Hotel Deutscher Kaiser, the most amazing little hotel you could ask for in a little town, and the steward was kind enough to help check us in and offer us a city guide. We had a private room with its own separate bathroom and a divider, so that the girls could have their own room. We arrived late in the evening, but two of us still went out for a beer! We found this little family-owned bar less than five minutes from our hotel, which ended up being just the neighborhood bar. My friend and I just sat there at the bar for a couple hours sharing stories and kicking back in Germany. What I found interesting was that the husband was the bartender and his wife was the waitress! Not going to lie, it was cute. Anyway, I found the best beers to be Ulmer Pilsener, Bitburger, and Löwenbräu, but that’s just my opinion. You can’t ever go wrong with a German beer and every bar and restaurant had a great selection to choose from! One of the best things to do in Baden-Baden is just to try every restaurant and that includes the hotel. Being a guy, I thought the free breakfasts in the morning were a plus!Just walking around town and experiencing the naturitchyworms beer lyrics
nais kong mag paka lasing blah blah blah…..


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Best Places to Go for a Beer in Munich, Germany

Non pasteurized beers / Live beers.Beers normally undergo pasteurization to ensure longer shelf life and uniformity.Craft brewery, also called micro brewery,
generally means a brewery which produces a limited amount of beer. In
the U.S.A, the “Brewers Association” use a fixed maximum limit of 15,000
US beer barrels (1,800,000 l; 460,000 US gal; 390,000 imp gal) a year
to define microbrewery. An American “craft brewery” is a small,
independent and traditional brewery.Craft Beer (produced
from a Craft Brewery or Micro Brewery) is an American term which is
also common in Canada and New Zealand and generally refers to beer that
is brewed using traditional methods, without additives such as rice or
corn; brewed for distinction and flavor rather than mass appeal. In the
early 1980s, with just a dozen or so national brands of beer to choose
from, microbrewers were established in the U.S. so as to offer the
full-flavored beers available in Europe. It wasn’t until the mid 1990s,
however, that these craft brewers started gaining real momentum.
According to the Institute for Brewing Studies, there are now nearly
1500 microbreweries and brewpubs that produce 3% of all the beer
consumed in America. By the late 1990s, certified organic beers started
appearing on the shelves nationally. Craft beers uses the best quality
malts and hops. Take the case of the Czech pilsner, now the most common
style of beer brewed worldwide. Craft brewers follow the course of their
European ancestors, making all-malt pilsners with a full-bodied flavor
and generous helpings of hops. Because of the increased percentage of
specialty malt and hop ingredients you are going to experience flavors
and aromas not found in light Industrial style lagers. Craft beer means
natural beer brewed in a non-automated brewery of less than 50-barrel
brew length, using traditional methods and premium, whole, natural
ingredients, and no flavor-lessening adjuncts or extracts, additives or
preservativesThere is a resurgence of appreciation for
craft beers in many countries of the world as a product of fine craft,
like wine. In general almost all mainstream commercial and mass-produced
beers (Budweiser, Coors, Miller), except for some keg beer or draught
beer, is pasteurized. The list below shows list of craft beers that have
confirmed that they don’t pasteurize their beers, either their bottled
beers or keg beers version.Pasteurization is
named for French scientist Louis Pasteur, who discovered that fluids
can be partially sterilized at high temperatures. This process enables
the brewer to kill traces of live yeast or other organisms which helps
the beer stay fresh longer. The filled and closed packages are conveyed
through different sections of a “tunnel” pasteurizer, and are sprayed
with heated water. Pasteurization is also needed to preserve product
uniformity. The brewer has only minimal control of the conditions and
the length of time packaged beer will be stored, particularly by the
retailer and the consumer.The downside of pasteurization is that
it alters the taste and destroy the natural yeast and enzymes in the
beers, and along with them, potential health benefits.Non pasteurized beers have better taste and better health benefits since it is not subjected to heat.Drinking unpasteurized beers is safe. An unpasteurized beer is
“live” beer, containing living micro-organisms such as yeast. The
alcohol in beer will kill any harmful bacteria, which is why
unpasteurized beer is not a health risk. Unpasteurized beer has health
benefits. It has live yeast, which is one of the most effective ways of
getting vitamin B complexes. (The B vitamins also counteract hangovers,
just an added benefit of unpasteurized beer.) Certain types of beer
contain lactobacillus, which is the beneficial bacteria in fermented
vegetables and dairy ferments (yogurt, kefir). Sour beers are the ones
which usually contain lactobacillus. Of course, only an unpasteurized
beer will contain live lactobacillus that are beneficial for you. Almost
all or all commercial beers are pasteurized, which makes the yeast not
very useful, and the lactobacillus useless.Beers that are “bottle-conditioned” are not pasteurized.
Many Belgian Ale and U.S craft beers are bottle conditioned. Big Beer
(Budweiser, Coors, Miller) pasteurizes beers after bottling to prevent
microbes from causing “off” flavors. These microbes, however, do not
cause illness. Craft brewers do not typically pasteurize, and while
there is little evidence to support any claims, I expect that research
will ultimately reveal that unpasteurized “live” beers are nutritionally
superior to pasteurized beers. The major difference between Big Beer
and craft brewers extends beyond pasteurization to filtration. The big
beers companies filter their beer to remove yeast and protein that
causes the beer to cloud at lower temps, called chill haze. But
filtering the yeast removes most of the B vitamins – think brewer’s
yeast – and other nutrients like chromium, evidence that unfiltered
beers are more nutritious.Some brewers are reverting back to
“bottle-conditioning”, a centuries-old tradition of preserving beer.
Bottle-conditioned beers undergo a second brief fermentation – in the
bottle – which carbonates the beer naturally. In addition, the added
yeast fights off the microbes that cause “off” flavors and enables the
beer to improve with age, like a bottle of wine.There are health
benefits associated with moderate beer consumption. Keep in mind, too,
that darker beers contain more antioxidants than lighter beers. Non pasteurized beers list / Un-pasteurized beers listAnchor Steam Brewery (San Francisco, California): Both Anchor Steam bottled beers and keg are flash-pasteurized and filtered.To
my surprise, Anchor Steam, a San Francisco microbrewery pasteurizes
their keg and bottled beers. I have never been really a fan of Anchor
Steam, as it tasted too bland for me. Could this be related to the
pasteurization process of Anchor Steam beers?Thank you for your e-mail. All of our beers are flash-pasteurized and filtered. Best regards,Anchor Brewing Company Deschutes Brewery (Oregon) / Black Butte Porter Beers: Thank you again for your inquiry. At this time none of our brews are pasteurized. We may consider it with beer aged in oak barrels but only the barrel aged portion of the brew would be pasteurized. We prefer un-pasteurized brews as well. Hope this helps.
:) Deschutes BreweryNorth Coast Brewery(California): Thanks for being in touch. None of our beers is pasteurized. All of our beers are filtered with the exception of PranQster, Blue Star Wheat Beer, and Le Merle. Hope you’re enjoying our list. Best regards,Mark Mark E. RuedricPresident and BrewmasterKona Brewing Company: All Kona beers are not pasteurized.Widmer Brewing Company: All Widmer beers are not pasteurized.Thank you for your email.  We don’t pasteurize our beers and
have an extensive QA department to ensure the finest quality of beer for you.

 Prost!

 Craft Brewers Alliance, Inc. 929 North Russell Street, Portland, OR  97227Samuel Adams Brewing Company:All
Samuel Adams beers in kegs are unpasteurized but the Samuel Adams
bottled beers are pasteurized. Any of Sam Adams wheat beers are going to
be unfiltered but the rest are filtered.Mendocino Brewing Company:All Mendocino Beers from west coast (Ukiah, California) are un-pasteurized, but the east coast Mendocino beers are pasteurized.Gordon Biersch Brewery: Update from Gordon BierschWe flash pasteurize our beer and we do filter it.Thank you for your interest in Gordon Biersch.Gordon Biersch Brewing CompanyPyramid Brewery: None of Pyramid’s bottled beers is pasteurized.Widmer Brewery (Oregon): None of Widmer’s bottled beers is pasteurized.Redhook Brewery: No Response from Redhook BrewerySierra Nevada Brewery: Update from Sierra Nevada beersThanks for the inquiry. All our bottled beer
is brewed, filtered and packaged without the use of isinglass, bone
char or any other animal byproduct. Pale Ale, Celebration and
Summerfest is
filtered using cellulose trap filters coupled with centrifugation. All
others use centrifugation only.
We do not pasteurize at all as the heat would kill the yeast and the beer would not bottle condition. Bottle conditioning is unique to Sierra Nevada beers. We dose back a small amount of yeast
in the bottle. The yeast ferments the priming sugar and creates the finish carbonation and flavors unique to our beer. Hope this helps. CHEERS!Beck’s Beers:
Beck’s beers from Germany is not a craft beer, but I wrote to them and
was not surprised to learn that all Beck’s beers are pasteurized.All
beers from Budweiser, Millers, and Coors are all pasteurized for both
keg and bottle versions. I have visited and done brewery tour of the
Budweiser brewery in Fairfield, California; and one of theitchyworms beer lyrics
nais kong mag paka lasing blah blah blah…..


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Red Hot Accessories for a Red Kitchen

This was my very first attempt at making a shepherd’s pie. I have been watching America’s Test Kitchen on PBS for about a year and have learned so much from their show, I really trust their findings. This is my attempt at making their streamlined, easier and faster version of traditional shepherd’s pie. There are a few ingredients that I have substituted with what I had on hand at home. For instance, I did not use scallions or an onion, I just used green onions. The top (green) part of the onion I used in the mashed potatoes. The “onion” part was what I browned with the mushrooms instead of a whole, larger onion. I also use only olive oil in my house, so I replaced the generic vegetable oil with an extra light olive oil. America’s Test Kitchen used 2 1/2 pounds of russet potatoes, which I also did this first time. However, that really is a lot of potatoes and they almost did not fit in my 10″ pan. I think 2 pounds would be adequate and still cover the pie well. I really hope you enjoy this delicious dish!If you have read any of my other articles on kitchen planning & design, you know I am extremely annoyed by non-functional design and bad product choices. Most of what bothers me comes from simple uninformed decision making and/or novice designer mistakes.
This capsule is all about your choices for cooking appliances…costs, function and aesthetics.
Freestanding Range
Slide in Range
Ovens
Built-in microwave
Over-the-range microwave
Exhaust mechanism / venting hood
The kitchen pictured above here is a great example of built-in appliances. What you see are 3 appliances (ovens, cooktop and microwave) bought separately and placed independent of each other.The exhaust venting you don’t see because it is concealed behind the elaborate cabinet facing (above the burners).
This is what all kitchen designers hope for…the opportunity to design with built-in cooking appliances. But, the major problem is that many kitchens simply do not have enough wall space to accommodate everything which leads to cramming.
Cramming, when combined with the use of several decorative (non-functional) components typically breaks all the rules for functionality. That is exactly the case for the pretty kitchen pictured above….Lots of form, terrible function. I will explain that in another hub.
Cooking just does not get more basic than the kitchen at the right. The free-standing Range includes both baking and surface burners. The over-the-range microwave also includes the exhaust fan and the lighting.
This is by far the most cost effective means of cooking. That’s why you find this setup in every apartment complex in America. Obviously, I hate it. But, built-in appliances require more space and a lot more budget…I mean a whole lot more.
A free standing range might cost $1,100 bucks. That over-the-range-microwave is about $400. So we’ve got maybe $1,500 total invested in cooking appliances as shown.
So now let’s refer back to the pretty looking kitchen at the top of this page and lets start to compare costs.

double ovens………..3,200
cooktop………………..1,000
microwave……………….200
concealed ventilation..900
OK, so that’s a little over $5,000 for built-in appliances, compared to the simple freestanding total of $1,500. That’s $3,500 more for the actual appliances and well worth the difference for many. But realise there is a lot more required to accommodate all the ‘built-in’ cooking. No ‘free space’. So, here’s the rest of the story….

The double ovens require an expensive tall cabinet housing….add 1,500
The cooktop requires a pot & pan base cabinet……………………add 800
The microwave requires modified wall cabinet………………………add 800
The elegant woodwork to cover the exhaust mechanism………..add 4,000 !
The cooktop requires adding 3′ countertop (to cutout)…………..add 500
Roof mounted exhaust fan attached to venting……………………..add 600
All the added installation, wiring, HVAC etc…………………………..add 1,000
I don’t think I need to add that all up…you get the point. Separating your cooking appliances is way, way more costly because of all the added cabinet, countertop and installation expenses.
As suggested in the list above the biggest cost variable might be the wood hood canopy.It’s funny, the same space that used to be occupied by a nasty 90 dollar range hood, is now the same area used for hugely extravagant woodworking and design details.

The images at right show a clever and attractive way to create a built-in look without all of the ‘addons’ mentioned earlier. The first image at right shows a 30″ Dacor wall oven installed into a base opening.
Dacor 30″ cooktops are designed to fit into the countertop over the Dacor 30″ oven. In this kitchen you see a Dacor 5 burner gas cooktop the same width as the oven below it. I used a decorative split column pilaster on each side of the oven for enhancement.
Note that In this particular kitchen the microwave is out of your view, but trust me, it is placed right beside the counter depth refrigerator where it belongs and just out of sight here.
The third image is showing the cabinetry above that cooktop. That upper cabinet contains a simple internal metal liner, twin blowers and lights. The split columns mimic the details from the base cabinet, The arched valance helps to conceal any metal work and also matches the arch over the window.
Using a separate cooktop and oven creates a nice unbroken look, and allows for decorative tile backsplash to continue through.
Finally, the finished kitchen is shown below. Take a close look at the cooking wall. Then go back up this page and compare to the freestanding range…Little better ??What would you think about using an oversized commercial style Range ?? Maybe six gas burners with two electric ovens (dual fuel) for cooking purposes…
First thought…”Can’t afford it”…”Won’t fit.”..right?
Well you might need to rethink that !!
These eye-popping Ranges are available as small as 30″ and up to 60″. Pricing will range from $3,500 to 10,000 bucks.
But, but, but…I want you to go back here to the added price consequences using built in cooking appliances. If you take the actual appliance costs and add all the extra costs incurred because of the required cabinets, the added counter costs, all the wiring and extra installation costs…you are going to get to $6 – 7,000 really fast!!
What extra costs are involved using a Viking or Wolf range as pictured here?? Very little. It will just slide into an empty space. Get it ??
The whole point of this article is to be aware that your choice of cooking appliances can have a dramatic impact on the overall costs and function of a new kitchen. Your new cabinets, countertop and appliances are intertwined in many ways. You need the advice of a professional Kitchen Designer before you make any assumptions or make a compulsive appliance purchase on your own.
What not to do…Do not just jump on Ebay and buy a $6,000 Range (as pictured) unassisted. That’s exactly why so many end up on Ebay! These all have specific details that dictate the involvement and advice of a qualified Kitchen Planner.

The Kidkraft Deluxe Let’s Cook Kitchen is an innovative kitchen designed for play but looks like a real kitchen. This adorable kitchen is a gift all the little chefs are sure to enjoy. This is the toy that kids of all ages can play with everyday and still not get bored with it. Additionally, it is a good investment that will last for years to come. The kitchen is sturdy with plenty or room for multiple kids to play and is gender neutral. The primary colors are a great choice so boys as well as girls can play with this kitchen.The Kidkraft Deluxe Let’s Cook Kitchen also has removable sink for quick and easy cleaning. Sink knobs move – red for hot and blue for cold water, but do not make a cliking sound. Oven shelf cannot come out as it is design that way. It has 3 pegs that you can hang wooden spoons and potholder on. It has a drawing of a window with a dog and a nice warm day showing. The knobs on the oven and dishwasher click as you turn them. The sink has red and blue knobs to turn on the faucet. Plus, it has a clock with moveable hands and a plastic phone. All corners are rounded so it’s safer for the kids. Grocery list and water dispenser are painted.Let’s Cook Kitchen is very roomy – as kids grow they can buy more appliances and put them next to microwave and on the top shelf above the microwave and freezer.KidKraft makes high quality play kitchens of superior durability and design -they are a great choice as birthday or Christmas presents. The company is known for the outstanding quality of toys, gifts and furniture, and excellent customer service. Most parents love the fact that Kidkraft Toys are easy to assemble and they are affordable.If you like Let’s Cook Kitchen you might also be interented in KidKraft Cook Together Kitchen or Kidkraft Pastel Kitchen.My New Drunk Kitchen!
Thank you so much, Mary! Check out the full kitchen makeover here! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PsEF-lZr93c What should I talk about next time?


Kitchen Ideas & Design with Cabinets, Islands, Backsplashes | HGTV
Kitchen Design Ideas, Pictures, Remodel and Decor – Houzz
Kitchens.com – Kitchen Design, Photos, Pictures, Remodeling
Kitchen & Kitchen Accessories | IKEA
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Effects of Alcoholism and Addiction on Love and Marriage


Alcoholism takes no prisoners! It is a disease that not only affects the alcoholic, but also the friends and loved ones of the alcoholic.
It is an ugly, demoralizing, debilitating, and dehumanizing disease that will run amuck through families until it is faced and dealt with, or until the alcoholic dies from it.
There will be no sugar-coating in this article. Alcoholism does not improve over time; it only worsens. As the disease progresses relationships can and will be torn apart, and families can and will be forever negatively affected.
Not a rosy outlook, right? The alcoholic, of course, has a choice. They can continue to drink, they can seek help, or they can die.
But what of the loved ones of the alcoholic? What future can they look forward to? What should they do while their loved one slowly destroys his or her life?
Our old friend Merriam-Webster tells us that enabling means to provide with the means and opportunity to continue an action, or to give silent affirmation.
With regards to alcoholism, enabling refers to family members and loved ones establishing an environment that, in effect, encourages further damaging behavior on the part of the alcoholic.
But why would they do that you ask? Why would loved ones, aware of the dangers of alcoholism, provide the means and opportunity for the alcoholic to continue drinking? Certainly they know of the risks. Certainly they have experienced the fear and anxiety, the mental and/or physical abuse. Why would anyone in their right mind do anything to prolong that kind of pain?
It is a complicated scenario for sure. Oftentimes, being around an alcoholic, family members become every bit as sick as the alcoholic, and do not even realize that they are enabling.
Oh what a tangled web we weave! The dynamics of a family affected by alcoholism are so very complicated, and the reasons for enabling are too many to mention all in this article. However, the main reasons most often seen are as follows:
· Lack of information about the disease, or a lack of awareness concerning suggested strategies
· Misguided love
· The need to take care of our loved ones
· The desire to avoid confrontation with the alcoholic
· Avoidance of further ugliness
· The need to have others believe we are nice, thus building our self-esteem
· The Martyr Complex
· The need to control a situation, even if it means doing something harmful
· Thoughts that we are somehow to blame for an alcoholic’s behavior
So what does it look like when we enable an alcoholic? What are some actions that are done, possibly with the best of intentions, but which really end up being harmful?
Remember our definition of enabling…..to provide with the means and opportunity. The following would be considered enabling when dealing with an alcoholic or, for that matter, any addict:
· Giving money to someone so that they can buy booze
· Getting into arguments with the alcoholic, thus giving them a reason to drink
· Calling the alcoholic’s place of work and “covering” for them when they can’t make it to work
· Making excuses for an alcoholic’s drinking e.g. they are under a lot of pressure lately
· Accepting excuses from an alcoholic
· Having booze around the house
· Drinking with an alcoholic
· Continually trying to fix them or cure them
· Continually giving them one more chance, and then another, and then another
· Living in denial that there really is a problem
And on and on we go! Perhaps you recognize some of these behaviors?
I could say this in very detailed language but really there is only one way to stop enabling, and that is to set boundaries and then stick with them.
Understand this very well: the alcoholic is making a choice to drink. You do not have to make a choice to grow sick with them. If you have children, you are harming your children by enabling the alcoholic in your family, and for your sake and the sake of your children you need to immediately establish boundaries that spell out acceptable and unacceptable behavior.
It might sound something like this.
I love you, but I will no longer enable you in your drinking. I will no longer call in sick for you. I will no longer give you money, or go to the store and buy you booze. I will no longer be the victim of your verbal or physical abuse, and I will no longer walk on egg shells in hopes that I do not upset you.
Of course there are other boundaries you may choose to establish, but whatever you outline it is imperative that you do not waver from the boundaries that you have set. If you do, you will once again be enabling and all of your work up to that point will have been wasted.
And what if the boundaries are broken? What should you do?
What are you willing to do? The consequences should be laid out quite clearly so there is no doubt about them. Will you leave the marriage and take the kids with you? Will you kick the alcoholic out of the house? It may come to that and you will have to be willing to follow through on those consequences. If you don’t, the cycle will continue and you and your family will continue to be dragged down into the alcoholic Black Hole.
It really comes down to how much misery you are willing to endure. If you love the alcoholic, and if you truly want to help them, then you will set boundaries and not deviate from those boundaries.
Remember, you are not only fighting for the life of your alcoholic loved one, but you are also fighting for your own life and well-being.
It is not your fault that your loved one is sick. You are in no way to blame. However, you are responsible for your actions once you know about the nature of alcoholism.
Last but certainly not least. I know some of you are thinking about setting boundaries, having the boundaries broken, kicking the alcoholic out of the house and then hearing the news that your loved one, who you forced out of the house, drank himself/herself to death. How could you ever live with the guilt and shame?
Hear me on this point: nobody ever forced a drink down the mouth of an alcoholic. It is a conscious choice to drink, even though it is a disease. There is help for all alcoholics if they are willing to accept that help. You, the loved one, are not responsible for the choice an alcoholic makes.
There is an old story I remember from a meeting of Alcoholics Anonymous that I once attended. A guy and his family are in a small fishing boat when suddenly dad gets a bite on his line. As he struggles to reel the fish in, it becomes apparent that there is a very large fish on the end of the line. Suddenly a man-eating shark breaks the water fifty feet away. Mom and the kids are screaming at dad to cut the line, cut the line, we are going to die if the shark gets into the boat.
Dad says, “But if I cut the line I’ll lose my bait.”
Words to consider!
2013 William D. Holland (aka billybuc)Alcohol, some would consider (myself included) one, if not thee most dangerous drugs available. Legally available. Everywhere you go alcohol is in your face. Each year millions of people young and old are effected and die from liver related damage due to alcohol consumption. It’s stated that liver disease ranks somewhere between the 9-12th leading cause of death in the USA, and Europe. People in their 20′s and 30′s are dying from alcohol induced liver damage! Most people don’t want to talk about this, or address the reality of it. The media, liquor MFG’s, and various governments tout that alcohol is safe when consumed in reasonable quantities. The truth is, no one knows that to be true, just like with many other toxic (legal or illegal) substances. You don’t have to be a raging alcoholic for ALD to get you.
Alcoholism is a progressive, depressive, destructive disease. Alcohol transforms people you love into someone you don’t even recognize. It shreds marriages, relationships, jobs, and health. As with any addiction, first you lose your spiritual health, then your mental health, then your physical health. If you know a problem drinker, talk to them, NOW. Don’t wait. Suggest and encourage help and recovery, before it is to late.
The reality of Alcoholic Liver Disease is that it will destroy your mind and body and put you into a very early grave. ALD is a huge burden for the patient, it stresses community resources, burdens families and is a horrible disease to witness someone die from.
ALD is not the only physical problem from drinking. Alcohol takes a toll on every part of the body. It causes premature aging, heart disease(s), pancreatic illness, impotence, multi-organ failure, and mental illness.Next to the brain and heart, the liver is one of the most important organs in your body. It performs 500-2000 bodily functions and is REQUIRED for survival. It is the 2nd largest organ in the body, next to the skin. The liTimeflies Tuesday: Alcohol
See us on tour this fall http://www.timefliesmusic.com/shows VIP Upgrades here http://www.ticketspin.com/timeflies Get our new album After Hours here: http:/…


Alcohol – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Alcohol | National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
The Truth About Alcohol – Drug Free World
Alcohol – KidsHealth
News for alcohol

Mechanical VS Electronic Appliances

HOW TO SAVE MONEY ON APPLIANCES

Buying appliances can be a huge expense, whether you’re replacing ones or
buying new ones for a home you’re moving into. 

When purchasing or upgrading appliances if you’re moving into a new home, this can be
an expensive and exasperating addition as new home costs spiral upwards. 

There is hope though.  There are many ways that you can save money on appliances for any given situation.  Let’s look at some ways you can save money buying appliances and the best ways to go about getting bargains.TIPS ON SAVING MONEY ON APPLIANCES

Use it or lose it. Don’t be shy in
letting sales people know if you’re buying a new home that you want to get your
own appliances. Or if you have
appliances already, negotiate building spaces for them and make sure they know
you want your own appliances rather than those that might come with the home…..for a price. Generally, appliances are
always marked up for what the contractor buys them for so it might be a good
idea to do your own shopping and get the best deal you can on your own. Your home’s price will be lessened by the
cost of the appliances and you’ll find that you can purchase good quality
appliances on your own and save money. GETTING TOP QUALITY APPLIANCES FOR LESSUpgrade if buying a new home. 
Conversely, if the home you’re buying new does include appliances and
the cost is reasonable but the appliances are of low value, consider the cost of
upgrading.  Pay the difference of what it
would cost to have a lower quality dishwasher put in and upgrade to a better,
energy efficient model that will last longer and save you money in the long
run.  Having to replace appliances after
a few years is a terrible expense and aggravation so get the best that you can
afford going in.

Shop online.  Some of the best deals
in the world on appliances are online. 
Look for ones with free shipping but you can order just about anything
on the Internet and have it shipped to your door!

Discount warehouses.  Visit places like Costco or other discount warehouse stores.  You can find all manner of appliances for
great deals but do your homework before you shop anywhere.  Know the brands, their energy efficiency and
then know the models and their top and low price ranges.

Newspapers and garage sales.  Don’t
be afraid to look in the paper or drop by garage sales or swap meets.  You never know what treasures you might
find.  Maybe you’re just looking for a
chest freezer to put into the garage for stocking up.  You might find the deal of the century and
have that much more money left over for other appliances.  Buying used is a great way to save
money.  Just be sure you’re getting a
good deal and an appliance that is in good repair.

Scratch and dent.  Don’t forget to
check in outlet stores that deal in appliances or scratch and dent stores.  If the scratches or dents don’t show, what’s
the difference?  You can save between 40%
and 70% on appliances this way.  Also
consider buying floor models. 

You better shop around.  This is the
single most important factor of buying anything.  Shop sales, get prices from at least 5
different places and price compare. 
Energy efficiency compare and again, look on line.  Why pay more than you have to for
anything?  If you find a good deal at one
store but like perhaps the fact that another store offers you no-interest and
you can pay it off in 12 months, then negotiate to get the store you like to meet
the other store’s price.

You don’t have to have the latest models. 
Some of the slimmed down models without all the fancy gizmos are way
less than the top of the line models…or consider last year’s models.  Consider not getting an icemaker on your next
refrigerator.  Do you know how much space
that takes up and how much more it adds to the price of the refrigerator?  Do your homework and pick out the best models
for the cheapest price.MORE MONEY SAVING IDEAS TO SAVE ON APPLIANCESBudgeting and no-interest loans. 
These are very important factors to consider.  You should have a ceiling of what you are
willing to spend for each appliance.  Don’t go
over that!  No matter what!  Let self-discipline
kick in.  After all, they are only
appliances.  You need them to be energy
efficient and serviceable but it’s not like you’ll be driving them around
town.  If you opt for a no-interest loan
with a payoff time, make sure you stick to it. 
Set aside the money each and every paycheck and pay it off.  No letting a payment go by and no letting it
roll over into interest time.  You
won’t save any money at all if you buy on time with interest.

Check out rebates.  Ask about the
Energy Star Rebate program through your electric company and find out about rebates or
discounts on energy efficiency appliances.  Look for Energy Star appliances.  This can save you money on specific models
and even if you have to mail in a form for a rebate, it’s money back in your
pocket. 

Buy during the best times.  Some experts say the best months to buy appliances are September or October
but also play the sales, watch for discounts, or even go on line to appliance
websites and see if they are offering rebates or coupons. 

On-line social networks.  Don’t rule out Craigslist and other sites on line.  You never know what
you’ll turn up.  You could end up purchasing a fridge locally that will
save you hundreds of dollars. 

Benefits of renting.  If you’re a renter, make sure appliances are included.  This will save you
tons of money and you won’t have to lug your appliances around with you once
you leave for better digs!TIPS AND TRICKS TO SAVING ON APPLIANCESIn short, there are many ways to save on appliances and if you do your homework
first and foremost, you’ll be better prepared to know the quality of the
appliance and some of its pros and cons. 

Check Consumer Reports or other ratings on appliances before you buy and
consider later models or appliances without all the bells and whistles.  You pay for those in the long run and when
all you need is energy efficiency and reliability, why spend money on things
you don’t really need?

Always get the best price and you’ll be able to pat yourself on the back
and say “job well done.” 

Most importantly, know your budget limits and don’t impulse buy.  Take time to consider if the appliance is
really what you need or want and is it truly the best deal before purchasing.  If you have more money-saving tips on buying appliances, please leave your comments in the space provided below!I have a confession to make. I have a beautiful appliance garage in my kitchen I have never used for its intended purpose. I have lived in this house almost nine years, and in all that time I have never figured out how to make this kitchen storage area work for my family.The appliance garage in my kitchen was here when I bought the house. It takes up valuable counter space I would love to reclaim for food preparation, and the door opens almost right into the kitchen sink. The kitchen’s single electrical outlet is inside this cabinet. The whole thing seems poorly planned, and I have often wondered if the previous owners were so disappointed in the outcome of their kitchen remodel that they just put the house on the market and moved away!Over the years the appliance garage became a place where I stored seldom-used items. I tried storing tall boxes of cereal in there for a while, but it mainly became an area where food went to die. Once anything was in that cabinet, I had a tendency to forget I had it. Eventually I forgot I even had an appliance garage. The entire cabinet just faded away from my consciousness.Then I bought a new crockpot and discovered it does not fit into the base cabinet where I planned to store it. I mentioned it to my friend recently who said, “You need an appliance garage.”Suddenly I realized I have one of those! However, the thought of storing anything there made me stop once more and ponder. This strange cabinet seems like the last place I would want to stash my appliances.How about you? Do you have an appliance garage in your kitchen? Do you love it or hate it? Need ideas for how to use your appliance garage? Maybe you are planning a new kitchen, or thinking about retrofitting an appliance garage to an existing kitchen. If so, I hope this page will help you, as I figure out how to use mine!Photo property of author. All rights reserved.Doesn’t this look nice? Store your small kitchen appliances in this corner cabinet. They are handy, yet out of sight. Your countertops are bare and your kitchen looks tidy!An appliance garage, or kitchen garage, is a cupboard fitting between your upper kitchen cabinet and the countertop. It can either be installed in the corner, yielding more interior space, or it can go straight across the countertop. The location where you plan to install it will dictate which one you need to buy.The appliance garage is twelve inches deep and can be as wFurniture and Appliances- English Language


Appliances at Lowe's: Refrigerators, Dishwashers, Microwaves
Appliances: Kitchen Appliances & Home Appliances – Best Buy
Appliances – Costco
GE Appliances – Kitchen Appliances, Refrigerator, Dishwasher
Appliances – Kitchen Appliances & Home Appliances at The Home

What Is Alcohol Detox?

I drink to your health when I’m with you,I drink to your health when I’m alone,I drink to your health so often,I’m starting to worry about my own!When money’s tight and hard to get,and your horse is also ran,When all you have is a heap of debt,a pint of plain is your only man.May you always have a clean shirt, a clear conscience,and enough coins in your pocket to buy a pint! For my Irish ancestors the local pub held an attraction that was impossible to pass up. It offered the intoxicating elixir that would help them obtain respite from their worldly cares.It was here the warm beer was sold, which was considered one of life’s staples, and a friendly ear was to be found who could commiserate with all their cares and woes. The beginning of the night felt like an adventure, where much could be gained, and the cycle began. Money was spent on “rounds for everyone”, purchased with their scanty earnings, resulting in an evening ending in tears as the realization came that they had to leave with even less than they came in with. Their journey home was far from the anticipated excitement they dreamed of when they had arrived at the pub earlier. In the end, it was just another long trip back home to face their wife with empty pockets again. There was nothing left to even see them through another long week, but, there was always hope. That hope was that the “rounds” would be on somebody else tomorrow. Around the 1700′s, the time when I can trace the beginning of my Irish Catholic roots, the plight of the Irish in Ireland was a sad one indeed. From the beginning of their history as a country, the Irish people were dominated and oppressed by others. They were never free to act or live as they chose. One group or another had dominated them until, to this day; their country still has some civil unrest. The people of the Catholic religion were a majority but were experiencing massive oppression, and if you were a member of that faith, you were not allowed to own property, nor had any vote in any political decision. England was the governing body at the time and the Protestant faith was the dominant force.Poverty was the condition of most all who lived in this time period, with the exception of the rich landowners, a group in which my ancestors did not fit into. Rising above your station in life was unheard of. Your hopes, dreams, aspirations, were all for naught. Finding solace in God was not very easy either. At times your fate rested solely in the hands of the Priest himself, especially if he took on the role of both judge and jury, and only could be persuaded by a generous donation. With all these factors against him what was a self-respecting Irish man to do? Surely the answer was the drink itself, certainly nobody would deny him a deserved swig or two, just a momentary bit of peace. Coming to America, which was considered the land of opportunity, didn’t ease the plight of the Irishman. With the great influx of immigrants to the country came many problems of its own. Jobs were scarce, housing was difficult to find, and frankly the opinion of the American public towards the Irishman was comparable to that of the one directed towards the Negro slaves. They were thought of as dirty, lazy, drunkards, who were completely without any dignity at all. What other relief was in sight than to escape their woes at Kelly’s Pub, where they could buy a round, and be “the man” once again, and restore their pride, at least for the moment. My Great Grandfather, Alexander, was not immune from this disease. Probably his father before him had introduced him to this avenue of escape, as it unjustly had left its mark on his family in the same way. His wife Nellie, his children Gabriel and Kathleen, all became a victim of “the drink.”It was December, the year was 1914, and Nellie found herself in quite a predicament. She was in Austin, Minnesota, in the dead of winter, with a nine-year-old daughter, Kathleen, and a two and a half-year-old son Gabriel Robert, and she was about to give birth to her third child. At home, possibly alone, her thoughts may have wandered back to the past remembering the first time she saw Alexander, the handsome Irishman she took as her spouse. Having worked for the Milwaukee Railroad as a conductor for about ten years already, at the age of twenty-nine, he was considered to be one of the best in his division. My how a young girl of twenty-two, even in all her beauty and grace, was quick to leave the home of her parents to marry one such as that. But that was in the warmth of June in 1903 in Northfield with family, and this was in the cold of December, alone. Baby Bernadine was born on December 8, 1914, at home. What a Christmas that would be! Have a drink of celebration! Saints be praised! I’m sure the “rounds” were on Alex that day. But something was just not right this time, and Bernadine only lived on this earth fifteen short days. Alexander celebrated his forty first birthday with the death of his beautiful baby daughter, on the 23rd of December, just two days before Christmas. On Christmas Eve, the one hundred-mile journey to Northfield from Austin was made. Bernadine was laid to rest in the Calvary Cemetery, behind the Catholic Church along with her grandfather, Patrick and grandmother Mary. Where was the Christmas Cheer? The tears and sorrows were probably drowned heavily that season. In fact, the bottom of the glass was seen from then on by Alexander. The drink slowly eating away all that he held dear to him, taking his family and eventually even his life, leaving him in the end with only five shiny copper pennies to his name. And so the tradition continued, unbroken from father to son. But soon a lesson was to be learned. The Ghosts of Christmas Past must have haunted Nellie and Gabriel and Kathleen. Those years of sadness are not easily forgotten.Gabriel was my grandfather, but he was known as Bud. As one might predict, the cycle continued with him. It was a horrible plight he just could not shake. The tradition of his fathers was imbedded so deeply in his every fiber he just could not brake free.Bud had moved to California and married my Grandmother, Pauline and they were the proud parents of three children, one of which is my father. Bud worked as a custodian for the local high school, which was right down the street from their house. It was Christmas Eve, Bud hadn’t returned home from work yet, and as the evening dragged on everyone knew where he had chosen to go instead. The hours passed and finally Bud came staggering in but not empty-handed. Undauntedly he slurred, “Ho, Ho, Ho, Look what Santee left behind the garage!” Raising his hand in the air he proudly produced a vacuum cleaner for all to see. Pauline was furious and rightly so, she tore into him verbally until he sunk into the bedroom with her right behind him screaming insults. She continued to banter him until he re-appeared into the living room clad only in his under shorts where he sat behind the couch to take his licking. The holidays weren’t an easy time for the children but they weren’t any easier for their parents. The pressures always seemed greater and “the drink” was still teaching them all a hard lesson. Bud never missed a payday, he’d go into the bar, instruct the bartender to “fill ‘em up”, and he’d buy drinks for everyone in the bar. He would come home with little or none of the paycheck left, forcing Pauline to try and do whatever she could to make ends meet. She always tried the best she could to make a special Christmas for the children. When other children were coming out of their houses on Christmas morning riding new bicycles, they were lucky to be riding a broomstick. In fact, one Christmas it was just that, a broomstick. My father had rummaged in the trash bin behind the upholstery shop near their house and found some treasures that his mother would transform into gifts for the two girls. A piece of leather was stuffed and made into the head of a horse and then put onto a broomstick for his little sister. It also was made into chaps and a vest for her to wear as she rode. Some vinyl, discarded from “tuck and roll” seats, was used for the mane. Bud’s step-father Syd, made the two girls black and red buggies for their dollies and Pauline acquired a doll somewhere. She worked hard sewing clothes for it out of material scraps. All of these treasures were hid in the closet waiting for Christmas morning and the surprises it would bring.Then came Christmas Eve and the partying began, the guest of honor was “the drink.” Bud’s parents arrived early with a few gifts in hand. When they were all sufficiently “happy”, the gifts they had brought with them would start to be opened, and at that point, half-crocked, somebody would say, “Go and get the rest of them!” Immediately, Bud would go off to the closet where Pauline had hidden the morning surprises and pTimeflies Tuesday: Alcohol
See us on tour this fall http://www.timefliesmusic.com/shows VIP Upgrades here http://www.ticketspin.com/timeflies Get our new album After Hours here: http:/…


Alcohol – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Alcohol | National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
The Truth About Alcohol – Drug Free World
Alcohol – KidsHealth
News for alcohol

Red Hot Accessories for a Red Kitchen

This was my very first attempt at making a shepherd’s pie. I have been watching America’s Test Kitchen on PBS for about a year and have learned so much from their show, I really trust their findings. This is my attempt at making their streamlined, easier and faster version of traditional shepherd’s pie. There are a few ingredients that I have substituted with what I had on hand at home. For instance, I did not use scallions or an onion, I just used green onions. The top (green) part of the onion I used in the mashed potatoes. The “onion” part was what I browned with the mushrooms instead of a whole, larger onion. I also use only olive oil in my house, so I replaced the generic vegetable oil with an extra light olive oil. America’s Test Kitchen used 2 1/2 pounds of russet potatoes, which I also did this first time. However, that really is a lot of potatoes and they almost did not fit in my 10″ pan. I think 2 pounds would be adequate and still cover the pie well. I really hope you enjoy this delicious dish!If you have read any of my other articles on kitchen planning & design, you know I am extremely annoyed by non-functional design and bad product choices. Most of what bothers me comes from simple uninformed decision making and/or novice designer mistakes.
This capsule is all about your choices for cooking appliances…costs, function and aesthetics.
Freestanding Range
Slide in Range
Ovens
Built-in microwave
Over-the-range microwave
Exhaust mechanism / venting hood
The kitchen pictured above here is a great example of built-in appliances. What you see are 3 appliances (ovens, cooktop and microwave) bought separately and placed independent of each other.The exhaust venting you don’t see because it is concealed behind the elaborate cabinet facing (above the burners).
This is what all kitchen designers hope for…the opportunity to design with built-in cooking appliances. But, the major problem is that many kitchens simply do not have enough wall space to accommodate everything which leads to cramming.
Cramming, when combined with the use of several decorative (non-functional) components typically breaks all the rules for functionality. That is exactly the case for the pretty kitchen pictured above….Lots of form, terrible function. I will explain that in another hub.
Cooking just does not get more basic than the kitchen at the right. The free-standing Range includes both baking and surface burners. The over-the-range microwave also includes the exhaust fan and the lighting.
This is by far the most cost effective means of cooking. That’s why you find this setup in every apartment complex in America. Obviously, I hate it. But, built-in appliances require more space and a lot more budget…I mean a whole lot more.
A free standing range might cost $1,100 bucks. That over-the-range-microwave is about $400. So we’ve got maybe $1,500 total invested in cooking appliances as shown.
So now let’s refer back to the pretty looking kitchen at the top of this page and lets start to compare costs.

double ovens………..3,200
cooktop………………..1,000
microwave……………….200
concealed ventilation..900
OK, so that’s a little over $5,000 for built-in appliances, compared to the simple freestanding total of $1,500. That’s $3,500 more for the actual appliances and well worth the difference for many. But realise there is a lot more required to accommodate all the ‘built-in’ cooking. No ‘free space’. So, here’s the rest of the story….

The double ovens require an expensive tall cabinet housing….add 1,500
The cooktop requires a pot & pan base cabinet……………………add 800
The microwave requires modified wall cabinet………………………add 800
The elegant woodwork to cover the exhaust mechanism………..add 4,000 !
The cooktop requires adding 3′ countertop (to cutout)…………..add 500
Roof mounted exhaust fan attached to venting……………………..add 600
All the added installation, wiring, HVAC etc…………………………..add 1,000
I don’t think I need to add that all up…you get the point. Separating your cooking appliances is way, way more costly because of all the added cabinet, countertop and installation expenses.
As suggested in the list above the biggest cost variable might be the wood hood canopy.It’s funny, the same space that used to be occupied by a nasty 90 dollar range hood, is now the same area used for hugely extravagant woodworking and design details.

The images at right show a clever and attractive way to create a built-in look without all of the ‘addons’ mentioned earlier. The first image at right shows a 30″ Dacor wall oven installed into a base opening.
Dacor 30″ cooktops are designed to fit into the countertop over the Dacor 30″ oven. In this kitchen you see a Dacor 5 burner gas cooktop the same width as the oven below it. I used a decorative split column pilaster on each side of the oven for enhancement.
Note that In this particular kitchen the microwave is out of your view, but trust me, it is placed right beside the counter depth refrigerator where it belongs and just out of sight here.
The third image is showing the cabinetry above that cooktop. That upper cabinet contains a simple internal metal liner, twin blowers and lights. The split columns mimic the details from the base cabinet, The arched valance helps to conceal any metal work and also matches the arch over the window.
Using a separate cooktop and oven creates a nice unbroken look, and allows for decorative tile backsplash to continue through.
Finally, the finished kitchen is shown below. Take a close look at the cooking wall. Then go back up this page and compare to the freestanding range…Little better ??What would you think about using an oversized commercial style Range ?? Maybe six gas burners with two electric ovens (dual fuel) for cooking purposes…
First thought…”Can’t afford it”…”Won’t fit.”..right?
Well you might need to rethink that !!
These eye-popping Ranges are available as small as 30″ and up to 60″. Pricing will range from $3,500 to 10,000 bucks.
But, but, but…I want you to go back here to the added price consequences using built in cooking appliances. If you take the actual appliance costs and add all the extra costs incurred because of the required cabinets, the added counter costs, all the wiring and extra installation costs…you are going to get to $6 – 7,000 really fast!!
What extra costs are involved using a Viking or Wolf range as pictured here?? Very little. It will just slide into an empty space. Get it ??
The whole point of this article is to be aware that your choice of cooking appliances can have a dramatic impact on the overall costs and function of a new kitchen. Your new cabinets, countertop and appliances are intertwined in many ways. You need the advice of a professional Kitchen Designer before you make any assumptions or make a compulsive appliance purchase on your own.
What not to do…Do not just jump on Ebay and buy a $6,000 Range (as pictured) unassisted. That’s exactly why so many end up on Ebay! These all have specific details that dictate the involvement and advice of a qualified Kitchen Planner.

The Kidkraft Deluxe Let’s Cook Kitchen is an innovative kitchen designed for play but looks like a real kitchen. This adorable kitchen is a gift all the little chefs are sure to enjoy. This is the toy that kids of all ages can play with everyday and still not get bored with it. Additionally, it is a good investment that will last for years to come. The kitchen is sturdy with plenty or room for multiple kids to play and is gender neutral. The primary colors are a great choice so boys as well as girls can play with this kitchen.The Kidkraft Deluxe Let’s Cook Kitchen also has removable sink for quick and easy cleaning. Sink knobs move – red for hot and blue for cold water, but do not make a cliking sound. Oven shelf cannot come out as it is design that way. It has 3 pegs that you can hang wooden spoons and potholder on. It has a drawing of a window with a dog and a nice warm day showing. The knobs on the oven and dishwasher click as you turn them. The sink has red and blue knobs to turn on the faucet. Plus, it has a clock with moveable hands and a plastic phone. All corners are rounded so it’s safer for the kids. Grocery list and water dispenser are painted.Let’s Cook Kitchen is very roomy – as kids grow they can buy more appliances and put them next to microwave and on the top shelf above the microwave and freezer.KidKraft makes high quality play kitchens of superior durability and design -they are a great choice as birthday or Christmas presents. The company is known for the outstanding quality of toys, gifts and furniture, and excellent customer service. Most parents love the fact that Kidkraft Toys are easy to assemble and they are affordable.If you like Let’s Cook Kitchen you might also be interented in KidKraft Cook Together Kitchen or Kidkraft Pastel Kitchen.Kitchen Super Star Season 3 | 3rd January 2015 | Promo 1
The third season of the battle of culinary skills between a new set of stars. Dont miss to watch the Grand Finale in Kitchen Super Star Season 3 on Saturday at 8 …


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Vintage Kitchen Appliances -its a Whole New World

It is bound to happen sooner or later. Whether your ambitious child, just free from bicycle training wheels slams into the side of your car, or you accidentally bump one of your stainless steel appliances, dents are inevitable. Unfortunately inheriting some pieces that presented with both major and minor dents, my husband and I have actively sought out various ways to address these dents over the years. Because dents come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and presentations, your method of approach may also vary dependent upon the nature of the dent.If you’re lucky enough to have a stainless steel appliance set in your home kitchen, you know just how nice they look and how badly you want to protect them. Try as you might, damage to your refrigerator, stove and other pieces is inevitable, so the best thing you can do is learn to mitigate the damage that can occur.
This article is all about appliance dent removal. Stainless steel appliance dent repair isn’t necessarily a difficult or expensive thing to do, and sometimes it’s a DIY project that’s totally within your grasp. Before shelling out cash to get an ‘expert’ to fix the problem, why not try taking care of it yourself? We will look at a few trusty methods that just might remove dents in your stainless steel fridge or oven. We’ll talk about cost, procedure and effectiveness.
Let’s get started!If you’re stuck with a dent in your appliance, don’t fret. There are professionals out there who can pull it out for you quite easily. While it may not look 100% ever again, it will look much, much better than it does with an ugly ding in its skin. However, there are some cheap or even free methods to try. Most will not harm the appliance, so they don’t hurt to test out!
The basic principles behind stainless steel appliance dent repair is that you must ‘pull’ the dent out. The easiest way to do that would be to simple push it from the opposite side to make it pop out again. Unfortunately, in the case of most appliances, this isn’t possible. It’s the same principle as when you crush an aluminum can, and then try to get it back in shape. The best way to do it is to figure out a way to grip the metal from your side and pull it out.
Here are a couple of techniques that are known to work in some cases:
‘Plunger’ Appliance Dent Removal:
Yep, the noble plunger is useful outside of bathrooms and drains. The same suction that can clear a clogged pipe can be used to hang on to the side of dents in a stainless steel fridge or oven. To use this technique, simply carefully ‘suction’ the plunger (preferably a clean one!) onto the dent. Once you’ve got a good hold on it, gently pull, using steadily more force. Hopefully the dent should pop right back out!
This kind of dent removal typically works with larger dings, since it covers a fair amount of real estate. Little tiny imperfections won’t really be affected by this method, unfortunately. Go slowly and be careful… an overzealous plunging can make your appliance dent removal actually cause more damage.
‘Pops a Dent’ or similar Suction Cup Strategy:
By using a ‘Pops a Dent’, you can target smaller dings and dents in stainless steel fridges and stoves using a similar method to the plunger technique. Again, suction is the key here. The trouble is, a small suction cup won’t have the same hold that a plunger would have. Pops a Dent solves this problem by utilizing a glue gun to really make it stick. It’s a great strategy: attach the suction cup, glue it in place, then use a frame placed around it to gradually pull the dent back out.
Again, this won’t work on all dents. It works best on imperfections that haven’t creased or damaged the metal. A nice clean little bump will probably pull right out.
Dry Ice to Remove Dents:
A controversial technique used in stainless steel appliance dent repair is the dry ice and heat method. This uses the metal’s natural propensity to expand and contract under extreme temperature changes. Ever notice how a baking sheet will warp when super hot? This is the same idea.
The technique works as follows: use a heat gun or blow dryer to heat up the surface where the dent is until it’s very hot. It can’t just be warm, it has to be hot to the touch! Then place the dry ice (carefully, use gloves!) on the same hot spot. Sometimes the expansion and then sudden contraction of the metal in that spot will cause the dent to pop right out, just like that! It’s a cool ‘science experiment’ of an appliance dent removal technique, and it just might work for you!Ultimately, you’re only going to be able to do so much. Sometimes dents in a stainless steel fridge or stove need to be taken care of by a professional of some kind. Appliance dent removal might be achieved using professional techniques that mirror what we were just talking about, or they might take the form of something more drastic, like hammering or metal replacement.
Typically appliance dent removal isn’t cheap when you have to hire someone to do it, but it’s still a great deal less expensive than a whole replacement. Do check your extended warranty, often it will come with some sort of coverage for that kind of damage.
Good Luck!There are many small kitchen appliances that claim to make life easier. Some of them do; some of them don’t. There are several kitchen appliances that most people find useful – even critical. Other kitchen gadgets fit more particular niches and are considered essential by some and totally useless by others.
Here’s my “Top 10″ list of small kitchen appliances, including descriptions of what makes them helpful and to whom.Kitchen Appliances with the Widest Appeal
1 Food Processor
The food processor is primarily used for chopping and slicing fruits and vegetables and combining various ingredients in a recipe. The “S-blade” does most of the work: chopping, mincing, and thoroughly grinding up and mixing ingredients. Other attachments are used to slice and julienne. If there’s too much liquid in a food processor, it may leak or erupt out. For liquidy combinations, the blender is a better bet.
2 Blender or Vitamix
Blenders are great for chopping up and combining liquid ingredients, though they can also be effective with more solid foods. Use a blender to make smoothies, smooth and creamy soups, sauces, drinks, and other liquidy concoctions. Blenders can also be used to crush ice. If you can afford it, the Vitamix is a super-dooper powerhouse of a blender, capable of making green smoothies, completely liquefying the kale or spinach.
3 Coffee Maker
Essential for coffee lovers, but also important for those who don’t drink coffee, there are a variety of coffee makers to suit every need. I myself am not a coffee drinker, but I own a small coffee maker to accommodate guests who would like to enjoy a cup or two. In addition, I use my coffee maker to brew small amounts when I make chocolate mocha cake or coffee ice cream.Very Helpful Small Kitchen Appliances
4 Electric Griddle
A nonstick electric griddle is the perfect way to prepare pancakes, quesadillas, bugers, hot dogs, and anything else that can be fried. Since it can be used dry or with just a bit of cooking spray, the food doesn’t come out greasy. Griddles typically fit 6-8 pancakes at a time, making it easier to use than a frying pan when cooking for more than one or two people.
5 Slow Cooker
A slow cooker, also referred to by the brand name Crockpot, is a great tool to make delicious soups and stews. Place all the ingredients into the crockpot in the morning and plug it in. The contents are gently heated, usually for 6-8 hours. The slow cooker is designed to be left unattended, so you can come home from work to a hot meal!
6 Ice Cream Maker
This precious gem is my FAVORITE!!! Making your own ice cream is fun and easy. You can make whatever flavor you want and can adjust the ingredients to suit your dietary needs — dairy-free, gluten-free, etc. Please click here for more information on making your own ice cream.
7 Electric Sandwich Maker
While I wouldn’t put the electric sandwich maker into the “critically essential” category, this little gadget can make rather ordinary ingredients into an exciting meal. The sandwich maker (also called a sandwich toaster) toasts the outsides of two slices of bread and heats the contents to a gooey consistency. It also cuts the bread into two sealed triangles, making the sandwiches more visually appealing. Try making things like pizza pockets, blueberry “pies,” hot deli sandwiches, and even hot and gooey peanut butter and jelly sandwiches with this small appliance. Please click here for more information about this appliance.You May Find These Useful
8 Bread Machine
Ahhhh, there’s nothing like waking up in the morning to the smell of fresh-baked bread! Many bread machines offer a timer feature to allow you to do just that. The bread machine provides the benefits of homemade bread without all of the work. The machine kneads the dough, then gives the dough time to rise before kneading itFurniture and Appliances- English Language


Appliances at Lowe's: Refrigerators, Dishwashers, Microwaves
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What Is Alcohol Detox?

The disease of alcoholism is baffling (actually, it’s cunning, baffling and powerful). To the outside observer, the drinker’s self-destructive behavior makes no sense. To the drinker him/herself, it doesn’t make much sense, either. Perhaps as baffling as anything else, alcoholism is self-diagnosed.
That’s right. A medical doctor can tell you if you have cancer, a broken bone, heart disease, even mental illnesses. But the only one who can “diagnose” you as a real alcoholic is — you.
I’ll briefly caveat that statement before proceeding with my self-diagnostic test. It is definitely possible for your doctor, your psychiatrist, your employer, your parole officer, your family, your neighbors (or any number of other people in your life), to suggest you have a drinking problem. Your doctor may even cite medical evidence that your liver is enlarged or that other damage is resulting from your excessive alcohol consumption. But when it comes down to it, the decision to label oneself the “A-word” can only come from one person: the “A” him/herself.
No one wants to be an alcoholic. Especially not people who live to drink (e.g., potential alcoholics). Bear in mind, it is possible to drink heavily and not become an alcoholic. However, if you are worried about your drinking, here are some signs and symptoms to be alert to:A common metaphor for the progression of alcoholism is a descending elevator. If you notice yourself experiencing any of these symptoms, or exhibiting any of these behaviors, I hope you’ll remember the “yets” that await you below. It’s so much easier when you get off the elevator before it crashes into the basement!
Ok. So here you are at the top floor, beginning your drinking career. Thusfar you are suffering no ill effects from your drinking. You enjoy drinking, and so do your friends. You may notice, however, that you have a greater capacity or tolerance for alcohol than they do. Alternatively (or in conjunction with the high tolerance) you may be the “barfer” of the group. It seems that you always end up praying to the porcelain god whenever you party. But oh well — it’s worth it, right?One thing I’ve learned about alcholics: their livers actually process alcohol differently than normal drinkers’ livers. Wouldn’t it be swell if they could create a test (I’m thinking along the lines of the glucose tolerance test for hypoglycemia) to tell you whether you’ve got a bum booze processor or not? That could sure save a lot of time and a lot of headaches waiting for all the signs of full-blown alcoholism to take you down! Speaking of headaches, hangovers aren’t much fun, are they? If you find yourself having more frequent and more severe hangovers, that’s a warning sign. I’m not saying normal drinkers don’t get hungover — they do. The difference is they practice pain avoidance. This leads them to overindulge a whole lot less frequently than alcoholics. And while we’re on the subject of hangovers, now’s a good time to start noticing how often you’re imbibing a little “hair of the dog” to chase away the previous night’s overindulgence. I’ve heard that only alcoholics suffer from blackouts. I don’t know if this is true or not, but if  you do have blackouts, it’s something to think about (but not during a blackout, of course).
What is a blackout? Well, it’s a period of time for which you have no recollection of what you did or said. A blackout can function as a nifty little time transport device that gets you from one place to the other — beam me up Jim Beam!
Blackouts can last for minutes, hours, or even days. Imagine the ramifications. Alcoholics have been known to wake out of blackouts thousands of miles from their homes. They drive in blackouts. They take planes in blackouts. They engage in all kinds of behaviors (good as well as bad) with no conscious knowledge of what they’re doing at the time.
If you find yourself having to rely on the accounts of friends to fill you in on your antics while partying, pay attention. Blackouts are serious. Does your life resemble a soap opera? If not all the time, at least when you drink? For example, do you get jealous? Do you cop an attitude and walk out of restaurants in a huff? Do you argue or fight with your boyfriend/girlfriend every Friday night like clockwork as soon as you both get a couple of pops under your belt?
On the other side of the drama spectrum, do you lose things — like your car keys, or your car? Do you lock yourself out of your house? Do you find yourself stranded miles from home? Do you wake up in places you don’t remember going, with people you don’t remember meeting?
Yes, these are all part and parcel of the “alcoholic personality.” It’s not how often you drink, or even how much you drink, but how alcohol affects you (changing your personality) that is the true test. Take note of who you become when you drink — happy, amorous, maudlin, homicidal. Are you like this when you don’t drink?By now you’ve been partying for awhile. Could be just a few years. Could be decades. Although you are confident you’re handling your liquor just fine — thank you very much — people close to you have other ideas.
How dare your wife suggest your cut down? Doesn’t she know how hard you work? You deserve a little relaxation time after work, dammit! How dare your kids make snide comments. Why do they bring those stupid education programs into schools anyway? Kids are too young to really understand the full picture of adults and socializing.
The thing is, drinking is part of adult socializing. Only your high school and college friends have scaled way back on their drinking as their lives demanded more of their full attention. You, on the other hand, continue to drink like the “old days” or even more. As you do so, you find new friends who like to drink the way you do.
What’s that you say? Even the gang at your local watering hole is starting to notice and comment? Who the hell do they think they are? Why, you don’t drink any more (or any less) than Joe here. Or Sally. Or Dan. You may find yourself saying, “Hell, if they have a problem with me, I’ll just find me another bar to call home.” Alcoholics are notorious for doing something called a “geographic.” This means when things get too difficult in one place, they move somewhere else. They change jobs. They change cities. They run roughshod over relationships, including those with spouses and SOs, kids, employers, and friends, leaving trails of broken hearts behind them.
Why is this? Because alcoholics dwell in a place called FEAR. Fear can be defined in a number of ways. FEAR = False Evidence Appearing Real. Or F$%@ Everything And Run.
If you find yourself restless, irritable and discontent, a typically alcoholic way to deal with that feeling (besides drinking) is to seek out the greener grass somewhere else. Truth be told, you may not even recognize you’re doing this until you look back later and spot the pattern.I’ve heard recovering alcoholics laugh about their old habits, saying, “Every time I drank I broke out in handcuffs.” This is the floor where you start noticing some negative consequences to your drinking.
Sure, you’re still more or less holding it together. You’re going to work. You haven’t lost anything major — yet. However, you find yourself getting into scrapes. Bar brawls, perhaps. You have a brush (or several) with the law.
You may be shocked to get pulled over for DUI. That’s a wake-up call if ever there was one. You may even serve jail time on charges directly or indirectly related to your drinking.Would you believe people get two, three, four and even more DUIs and still keep drinking? One way to solve the DUI problem is to only drink at home. Alone. Only problem with that is you need to venture out and resupply at some point…
You become more and more isolated. Disgusted, your spouse walks out, taking the kids. Your boss has given you one too many one more chances. At first you feel liberated. Heck, with no job and no family monitoring your consumption, you can drink whenever you want to!
But that gets old. And you get lonely. Since you are now officially unemployable, there’s no point in looking for a new job. If you don’t have a chunk of money in the bank, you may soon lose your car and your home. It happens more often than you might think. At this stage of the disease, drinking becomes an obsession. You try not to think about it. You tell yourself (and mean it!) “I will NOT drink today.” Shocked at your own lack of willpower, you become desperate. You make up little tricks to control your drinking. You may swear off the “hard stuff” and only drink beer. You allow yourself only two drinks, but are so preoccupied with this unnatural limitation that you can’t enjoy them.
You make and break a thousand small promises to yourself each day. With each broken promise you become more disheartened and miserable.
The harsh reality is you are no longer in control of your drinking. Drinking is controlling you.Timeflies Tuesday: Alcohol
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Alcohol – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Alcohol | National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
The Truth About Alcohol – Drug Free World
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